In many varieties, potassium can be found at a concentration as high as 0. Other minerals and salts that are found in various proportions include boron, calcium, cobalt, copper, fluorine, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, phosphorous, sodium and zinc. Additionally, the seeds contain aluminum, cadmium, chloride, lead and sulphur in various proportions. Dates contain elemental fluorine that is useful in protecting teeth against decay. Selenium, another element believed to help prevent cancer and important in immune function, is also found in dates. The protein in dates contains 23 types of amino acids, some of which are not present in the most popular fruits such as oranges, apples and bananas.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by. Fruits are a characteristic of flowering plants. Once pollination and fertilization occur, the ovary of the plant becomes the fruit and the ovules become the seeds. These fruits are further divided into Dry fruits and Fleshy fruits depending upon pericarp.
When it comes to potassium, bananas are often the first thing that comes to mind, but plenty other foods are rich in this mineral. Here are 15 foods…. Some people say that bananas cause constipation, while others claim that they help relieve it. This article takes an objective look. Bananas contain many beneficial nutrients, but they are also high in carbs and sugar. This article reviews the health effects of bananas. Can you eat bananas if you have diabetes?
Bananas do contain carbs that can raise blood sugar, but they also have fiber and beneficial nutrients. New research indicates that food rich in potassium can reduce the chances of vascular calcification and aortic stiffness. This is a detailed article about bananas. What they are, what they look like, along with in-depth information on nutrition and health benefits.
Bananas are extremely healthy and nutritious. Most people know this, but many wonder how many calories and carbs they contain. The Surprising Truth.
This article tells you whether a banana is a fruit or a berry. Share on Pinterest. Antisense inhibition of sorbitol synthesis leads to up-regulation of starch synthesis without altering CO 2 assimilation in apple leaves. Planta , — Negm, F. Characterization of aldose 6-phosphate reductase alditol 6-phosphate: NADP 1-oxidoreductase from apple leaves.
Zhou, R. Purification and characterization of sorbitolphosphate phosphatase from apple leaves. Plant Sci. Reidel, E. Phloem loading strategies in three plant species that transport sugar alcohols. Fu, Q. Phloem loading strategies and water relations in trees and herbaceous plants. Zhang, L. Evidence for apoplasmic phloem unloading in developing apple fruit. Wei, X. The Malus domestic a sugar transporter gene family: identifications based on genome and expression profiling related to the accumulation of fruit sugars. Wu, T.
Suppressing sorbitol synthesis substantially alters the global expression profile of stress response genes in apple Malus domestica leaves. Meng, D. New Phytol. Sorbitol modulates resistance to Alternaria alternata by regulating the expression of an NLR resistance gene in apple. Down-regulation of sorbitol dehydrogenase and up-regulation of sucrose synthase in shoot tips of transgenic apple trees with decreased sorbitol synthesis. Teo, G.
Silencing leaf sorbitol synthesis alters long distance partitioning and apple fruit quality. PNAS , — Wang, Z. The role of carbohydrates in active osmotic adjustment in apple under water stress. Archbold, D. Carbohydrate availability modifies sorbitol dehydrogenase activity of apple fruit. Sturm, A.
Invertases, primary structures, functions, and roles in plant development and sucrose partitioning. Zhang, D.
Plant Cell Environ. Palmer, W. Tomato ovary-to-fruit transition is characterized by a spatial shift of mRNAs for cell wall invertase and its inhibitor with the encoded proteins localized to sieve elements. Plant 8 , — Gao, Z. Cloning, expression, and characterization of sorbitol transporters from developing sour cherry fruit and leaf sink tissues.
Watari, J. Identification of sorbitol transporters expressed in the phloem of apple source leaves. Peng, C.
Expression, subcellular localization and phytohormone stimulation of a functional sucrose transporter MdSUT1 in apple fruit. Karve, A. Expression and evolutionary features of the hexokinase gene family in Arabidopsis. Sheen, J. Master regulators in plant glucose signaling networks. Cho, J. Sorbitol and sucrose partitioning in the growing apple fruit. Aluri, S. Identification and functional expression of the Arabidopsis thaliana vacuolar glucose transporter 1 and its role in seed germination and flowering. Wormit, A. Molecular identification and physiological characterization of a novel monosaccharide transporter from Arabidopsis involved in vacuolar sugar transport.
Plant Cell 18 , — Braun, D. Genetic control of carbon partitioning in grasses: roles of sucrose transporters and tie-dyed loci in phloem loading. Schulz, A. Plant J. Jung, B.
Identification of the transporter responsible for sucrose accumulation in sugar beet tap roots. Plants 1 , The effect of grinding on carbohydrate partitioning in the growing apple fruit. Klages, K. Li, P. Primary and secondary metabolism in the sun-exposed peel and the shaded peel of apple fruit. Plant , 9—24 Wang, H. Download references. The authors would like to thank Richard Raba for maintaining the plants and Dr.
Robert Turgeon for critical reading of the manuscript. David Zimerman, Cornell Pomology Ph. Correspondence to Lailiang Cheng. Reprints and Permissions. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Plant Biotechnology Journal Frontiers in Plant Science Food Research International Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Plant physiology Transgenic plants.