Kinesthetic Learners: Use clay or papier-mache to create a Harlem Renaissance scene. Finally, some students may also have less advanced technological skills than others and will therefore need additional instruction in order to conduct research on the Internet. Recommended Resources. Spend more time teaching and less time searching. Get full, ad-free access to all our learning resources—curated and vetted by teachers and curriculum specialists—for one-low price.
Sign Up Sign Up. We have a plan for every budget. All plans include a free trial and enjoy the same features. Cancel anytime. Learn more about Premium. Manage My Favorites. Overview The Harlem Renaissance represents an era in American history during which the uniqueness of African-American culture was celebrated. Students will compare and contrast historical and fictionalized versions of the jazz scenes of the Harlem Renaissance. Students will describe the impact of jazz on African-American literature of the Harlem Renaissance.
For help. To use the K-W-L strategy, construct a 3-column chart on paper. Instruct students to fill in the K section of the chart. Expect most responses to be about trains or subways, which is an opportunity to mention long distance travel before planes became so favored. Have students form groups of four to share the K section of their K-W-L charts by recording their ideas on Post-It notes and placing the notes on a poster board for later reference.
Give a brief overview of the music of Duke Ellington and explain his connection to Harlem. See if students are able to associate the transportation mode with the times. State the lesson objectives and identify the standards.
Show color prints of several artists' renditions of Harlem Renaissance jazz; artists such as Romare Bearden, William H. She was brown and bold. Elgar Room, Royal Albert Hall. In a couple of minutes I waved to the engineer to tape away. Both of Hughes' paternal great-grandmothers were enslaved African Americans and both of his paternal great-grandfathers were white slave owners in Kentucky. Brexit in Poetry. Barcelona, Spain.
Restate the concept of the train as the primary means of long distance transportation. Distribute or place on an overhead a quotation from Billy Strayhorn about the "A" train. Have students move back into the groups of four and compose brief descriptions or vignettes of how they imagine the setting of the "A" train.
The descriptions or vignettes may be shared orally. Ask a volunteer to review what students learned during Session One. Show color prints of several artists' renditions of Harlem Renaissance jazz; artists such as Romare Bearden, William H. Johnson, and Aaron Douglas are recommended. Discuss the prints in relationship to the music and the overview of Ellington and the Harlem Renaissance.
Distribute K-W-L charts. Use a poster board or newsprint to make a list of the items in the K column. Lead the students in a discussion of the unique characteristics of the people and the setting of the Harlem Renaissance.
Read Dance's interview with Billy Strayhorn. The discussion should include details such as the famous Harlem rent parties, The Cotton Club and The Savoy where African-Americans were allowed as entertainers but not as guests, the distinction between the uptown clubs and the downtown halls, the musical theaters and the zoot suits. Students may also learn about African-American intellectuals active during this time--such as W.
Make a list of the items in the L section. If students do not list items that touch on jazz and literature of the Harlem Renaissance, suggest some ideas to explore. Suggested questions include: What is the significance of the "A" train? When did Duke Ellington perform the piece? What was Harlem like when Duke Ellington performed there?
What does "renaissance" mean? Why was this period so significant in the history of African-Americans? Did other ethnic groups participate in the Harlem Renaissance? If so, how? Resources should include printed texts and the Internet. This component may require significant out-of-class time. In addition to the resources available on the Jazz Web site, please see the Recommended Resources below. Place students in groups of four to discuss their research and begin to develop a time line of significant events of the period. Questions: When did African-Americans begin to settle in Harlem?
What made this period important in American history?
Why was this period also called the Jazz Age? In the event that this is not possible, the following segments are recommended: - - - - - Session Four: Harlem Renaissance Time Line Use the time lines from Session Three to introduce other significant people of the Harlem Renaissance. September 28, Retrieved September 28, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Leonard Cohen , known primarily as a folk singer-songwriter with a modest but impassioned cult following, is perhaps better described as a poet who occasionally sets his words to music. While his lyrical subjects cover a broad range, recurring themes include love and longing, suspicion and betrayal, despair and doom. Cohen has written abundantly of his many relationships with women, and he has also repeatedly explored issues of religious faith. He earned critical praise as a poet and novelist during the s and s; the McGill Literary Award was the first of several honors awarded his writings.
During those years Cohen also wrote songs, though he made no attempt to record or sell them. An introduction to popular folk singer Judy Collins in the mids led to unexpected success for Cohen as a songwriter.
Soon Cohen decided to record an album of his own works, and in he released The Songs of Leonard Cohen. Approaching his mids, Cohen entered a new phase of his career, one that would endure for decades. Cohen became a successful coffeehouse singer during the s and s, never achieving major commercial success but inspiring intense devotion among his fans. At a time when interest in his music seemed to have subsided, singer Jennifer Warnes recorded Famous Blue Raincoat, a well-received and beautifully sung collection of Cohen songs released in The following year Cohen released I'm Your Man, his best-selling album in years.
At the dawn of the s, a middle-aged Cohen found himself in the midst of a resurgence. His blend of observant, insightful lyrics and stirring, sorrowful melodies had attracted the attention of a new generation of musicians whose reverence elevated Cohen even higher on the cult-hero totem pole. Respected artists from the alternative-rock scene as well as A-list rock stars clamored to participate in two Leonard Cohen tribute albums, I'm Your Fan in and Tower of Song in The renewed appreciation for Cohen's works led to the release of several best-of collections over the next several years, as well as two new recordings, The Future in and Ten New Songs in His album, Dear Heather, released just after his seventieth birthday, presents a reflective Cohen looking back on his life and loves.
Cohen was born September 21, , in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
He explored his artistic leanings from an early age, writing poetry and fiction as a teenager. Cohen learned to play the guitar from the father of a friend, and during his years studying at McGill University , he played in an amateur country band called the Buckskin Boys.
After he graduated from college, his first volume of poetry, Let Us Compare Mythologies, was published. Within a few years Cohen's verses had received wide critical acclaim, both in his native land and in the United States. He traveled throughout North America giving poetry readings during the late s, and at these readings he was often accompanied by a musician who played while Cohen read.
This practice reawakened the poet's interest in music, and he began playing the guitar again and singing for groups of friends. Both novels eventually became bestsellers, with The Favorite Game achieving something of a cult following. In spite of the favorable reception of his writings, Cohen struggled to make a living as a writer. During a trip to New York in , Cohen encountered an opportunity that altered the course of his life.
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After he showed some of his folk songs to Judy Collins, the established singer chose to include "Suzanne" and "Dress Rehearsal Rag" on her album In My Life; the former track became a successful number for Collins. She featured several Cohen songs on her subsequent album as well. Other singers began to record Cohen's songs, and his friends persuaded him to begin performing them himself. Addresses: Record company— Columbia Records, P. Cohen soon landed a recording contract with Columbia Records and released his debut album, The Songs of Leonard Cohen, in While not a blockbuster, the album was embraced by a significant audience and achieved gold-record status.
Critics at the time and in years since have approved as well, with some expressing ecstatic support; Jason Ankeny of All Music Guide described the album as "a breathtaking and perfect debut. Cohen followed his debut effort with 's Songs from a Room, which features what is perhaps Cohen's best-known song, "Bird on the Wire.
Blending their widely divergent styles, they produced an album that combined Cohen's words and Spector's music, 's Death of a Ladies' Man. Critical response was mixed, ranging from execration to exaltation. The album was extremely popular with fans in Europe but did not sell well in the United States. On several tracks he sang duets with Jennifer Warnes, one of several women throughout Cohen's career who played a significant collaborative role in his music.
In Cohen released Various Positions, an album that features synthesizers and lush backing vocals provided by a chorus. It includes such stirring songs as "Coming Back to You" and "Hallelujah" and again showcases the vocals of Warnes. Sales figures for the album were disappointing, contributing to a downward trend that had begun in the s. Her interpretations of Cohen's songs, warmly and richly sung, triggered a reevaluation of his career that paved the way for the unparalleled success of his album I'm Your Man.
Evidence that a new generation of musicians looked to Cohen as a master songwriter came in the form of the tribute album, I'm Your Fan, which includes performances from such alt-rock artists as R. The next tribute album, 's Tower of Song, features a much higher wattage of star power—artists such as Bono, Sting, Elton John , and Billy Joel all contributed—indicating that Leonard Cohen, the perpetual outsider, had actually become trendy.
Cohen's breaks between albums grew longer during the s, a decade that began with his release of The Future, a brooding, pessimistic take on the late-twentieth-century geopolitical landscape.